Number of K-12 Schools: 63
Number of K-12 Students: 20,131
Number of K-12 E-Learning Programs: 1
Number of K-12 E-Learning Students: ~175
Note that these profiles are taken from the most recent edition of the report, please review additional annual profiles below.
Governance and Regulation
While there is no reference to distance education in the Education Act, 2016, pursuant to section 8 of the School Act, 1988, there have been two Ministerial Directives concerning distance education (i.e., first Ministerial Directive No. MD 2001-05, which was superseded by Ministerial Directive No. MD 2008-05). According to MD 2008-05, distance education was defined as:
a mode of instruction in which the student and teacher are separated in either time or space or both, and where two-way communication takes place through non-traditional means for the most part. There is a broad range of both individualized and team instructional approaches and strategies used in distance education. Distance education communication may utilize various technologies and media, including but not limited to print, computers and computer networks, telecommunications, and audio-visual equipment and resources.
Internal regulations continue to be driven by this Ministerial Directives, which applies to courses delivered during the regular school day. The directive also outlines a series of beliefs about the nature of distance education instruction.
Additionally, individual schools and districts that participate in distance education programs must adhere to guidelines found in the provincial Distance Education Handbook document. The updated document specifies the use of distance education for students in particular circumstances.
K-12 Distance and Online Learning Activity
At present there are no established K-12 distance education programs in Prince Edward Island. However, beginning in February 2021, the Ministry piloted a virtual school that initially focused on French-language courses, and will eventually include the English-language courses as well.
Through an inter-provincial agreement students in Prince Edward Island are funded to take online courses from the New Brunswick Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. During the 2020-21 school year there were 21 French language students and approximately 150 English language students enrolled in online courses through this agreement. As the PEI-based pilot expands, it is expected that the participation of French-language students will continue to decrease in the coming years.
K-12 Blended Learning Activity
According to the Department, there was no intentional blended learning (i.e., specific projects or initiatives) occurring in public schools.
Spring 2020 Closure
Schools on Prince Edward Island closed on March 23, 2020. The Ministry of Education and Life Long Learning created a webpage from their Ministry website that contained home learning resources to support remote teaching for each grade level. The curricular focus was on literacy, numeracy, and mental health and well-being. Educational activities for students were posted on websites and printed resources were offered to students with limited access to the internet. Attendance for remote teaching included kindergarten with 30 minutes per day of holistic learning, primary 45 minutes per day, elementary 60 minutes, intermediate 90 minutes per day, and secondary grades two hours per course per week. Provincial standardized testing was cancelled, and report cards were delivered. In June, teachers were required to contact their students and parents either by telephone, video, or in-person to review student progress and provide feedback (Nagle et al., 2020a).
Fall 2020 Reopening
There were no delays to the start of the Fall 2020-21 school year with a full re-opening and added health measures that included cohorts, physical distancing, staggered entry/exits and student breaks along with signage to direct the flow of student traffic. Masks were mandatory for grades 7-12 and voluntary for grades K-6. The curriculum was revised to address learning gaps and outcomes that could not be addressed in the Spring while schools were closed and learning assessments were planned to continue as usual with priority on missed outcomes for language arts and math (Nagle et al., 2020b).
2020-21 School Year
Schools were open to in-person learning throughout the 2020-21 school year, however, some schools closed based on case numbers, and at the beginning of May there was a province-wide lockdown with schools closed, however, in-school learning returned May 9. Students who could not attend in-school learning due to illness or self-isolation were expected to complete online and offline work prepared by their teacher. Expectations for synchronous and asynchronous learning included 60-80 minutes daily for kindergarten, two and one-half hours per day for grades 1-6, and in grades 7-12 class time remained the same as during a regular school day. The province adopted Google Classroom as its provincial learning management system and devices were delivered to students in need. Assessment and reporting continued as per a regular school year, but provincial assessments were cancelled for the 2020-21 school year (Nagle et al., 2021).
Nagle, J., Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2020a). Documenting triage: Detailing the response of provinces and territories to emergency remote teaching. Canadian eLearning Network. https://secureservercdn.net/126.96.36.199/sgf.292.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Documenting-Triage-canelearn-emergency-remote-teaching-report1.pdf
Nagle, J., Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2021). Toggling between lockdowns: Canadian responses for continuity of learning in the 2020-21 school year. Canadian eLearning Network. https://secureservercdn.net/188.8.131.52/sgf.292.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/canelearn-2020-21-school-year.pdf
Nagle, J., LaBonte, R., & Barbour, M. K. (2020b). A fall like no other: Between basics and preparing for an extended transition during turmoil. Canadian eLearning Network. https://secureservercdn.net/184.108.40.206/sgf.292.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/A-Fall-Like-No-Other-canelearn-remote-teaching-report2.pdf
Previous Provincial Profiles
History of K-12 E-Learning
According to the Department of Education, Early Learning and Culture, historically students could enroll in correspondence courses offered through the New Brunswick Community College system to gain secondary school credit with certain restrictions.
Beginning in the early 2000s, Prince Edward Island schools had used a locally developed distance education video conferencing system. Throughout the decade the use of this method of distance education decreased significantly. In fact, since the beginning of this study in 2008, the video conferencing system was used solely for the purpose of French-language school board high school courses. During the 2010–11 school year, there were two students enrolled in a single course offered through this system. There was no video conferencing activity for distance education purposes in 2011–12. While still available, this system has not been used for teaching purposes since 2014.
In addition to the provincial video conferencing system, students in Prince Edward Island have the ability to access some online courses offered by the New Brunswick Ministry of Education. This ability appeared to correspond with the decline of the province’s own video conferencing distance education.
Individual Program Survey Responses
|Program||Most recent response||Medium||# of Students||# of Teachers||# of Courses|
To update this information, visit http://tinyurl.com/sotn-program-survey
Inter-provincial and International
The Department of Education and Early Childhood Development approves distance courses by correlating outcomes found in online programs to those found in the Prince Edward Island authorized curriculum documents. Students must apply in advance to enroll in approved courses through their school principal. Students completing online programs are awarded the Prince Edward Island equivalent course on their school mark transcripts.
As Prince Edward Island does not offer any distance education programs of its own, students from other jurisdictions are unable to enroll in their courses to receive credit.